Layunin Ng North American Free Trade Agreement

The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his 1980 presidential campaign. After the signing of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, the governments of U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney agreed to negotiate nafta. Both submitted the agreement for ratification in their respective capitals in December 1992, but NAFTA faced considerable opposition in both the United States and Canada. The three countries ratified NAFTA in 1993 following the addition of two related agreements, the North American Worker Cooperation Agreement (NAALC) and the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC). According to Chad P. Bown (Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics), it is unlikely that a renegotiated NAFTA, which would restore barriers to trade, will help workers who have lost their jobs, regardless of their cause, to use new employment opportunities.” [154] In 2009, the United States had a trade surplus with NAFTA countries of $28.3 billion for services and, in 2010, a trade deficit of $94.6 billion (36.4% per year) for goods. This trade deficit represented 26.8% of the total U.S. trade deficit.

[89] A 2018 study on international trade published by the Center for International Relations identified irregularities in NAFTA trade patterns using network theory analysis techniques. The study showed that the U.S. trade balance was influenced by the potential for tax evasion in Ireland. [90] One of the most affected agricultural sectors was the meat industry. In 2004, Mexico moved from a small player in the U.S. export market to the second largest importer of U.S. agricultural products, and NAFTA may have been an important catalyst for this change. Free trade has removed barriers to business between the two countries, allowing Mexico to offer a growing meat market in the United States and increase sales and profits for the meat industry in the United States. A simultaneous and dramatic increase in Mexican GDP per capita has significantly changed meat consumption patterns due to increased per capita meat consumption. [70] Ang patunay ng globalisasyon ay may pivot punto sa paglipat mula sa lumang internasyonal na pagkakasunod-sunod batay sa sentral na papel ng GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), na ang layunin ay isang pangkalahatang pagba na nagbigay ng kapanganakan sa WTO (World kalakalan Organizzation), na ang layunin ay ang pagpawi o pagbawas ng taripa hadlang sa internasyonal na kalakalan.