Henry Clay, a prominent congressman, played a crucial role in mediating a two-part solution, known as the Missouri Compromise. First, Missouri would be admitted to the Union as a slave state, but would be compensated by the accession of Maine, a free state that had long wanted to be separated from Massachusetts. Second, slavery should be excluded from all new States of Louisiana Purchase, north of Missouri`s southern border. People on both sides of the controversy felt that the compromise was deeply flawed. Yet it took more than thirty years for the Kansas-Nebraska Law of 1854 to stipulate that new states north of the border deserved to exercise their sovereignty in favor of slavery if they so wished. On March 3, 1820, Congress approved the Missouri Compromise, a law that maintained a balance in the Senate between free and slave states. The pact lasted only 34 years and its elimination was one of the factors that led to the civil war. Missouri first applied for admission to the union in 1819. The bill submitted at the request should enable the people to create a state constitution and government.
Because she wanted to join the Union as a slave state, New York Congressman John Tallmadge introduced the Tallmadge Amendment, which would prevent the reception of new slaves in Missouri and free the children of current slaves into adulthood. This measure was rejected by the Senate and an appointed commission continued to debate the issue. During this period, there was also a bill to enlist Maine`s membership in the Union as a free state. As soon as these bills arrived in the Senate, the Senate decided that the combination of these bills would allow for a compromise. The final bill would also address the issue of slavery for state hosting in the future, with the rest of the Louisiana Territory pending. While it was due to meet again in December 1819, Congress was faced with a request from the state of Maine. At the time, there were 22 states, half of which were free states and half were slave states. .
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